Tunisia’s Precarious Human Rights Situation: Undoing the Gains of the 2011 Revolution



The New York Center for Foreign Policy Affairs is deeply concerned about the alarming decline in human rights in Tunisia, particularly in the wake of President Kais Saied’s power grab in July 2021. Over the past two years, Tunisian authorities have taken disturbing steps towards stifling political opposition, curbing free expression, and promoting discrimination against migrants and refugees. These actions have gravely endangered the hard-won achievements of the 2011 revolution, jeopardizing Tunisia’s reputation as a beacon of hope for democracy in the Middle East and North Africa.

Stifling Political Opposition

The foundation of any thriving democracy lies in the freedom of political expression and the protection of political opposition. However, in Tunisia, we have witnessed a worrying trend of suppressing political dissent. President Saied’s government has resorted to arresting dozens of political opponents and state critics, undermining the principles of pluralism and democracy that Tunisia fought for during the 2011 revolution.

The 2011 revolution saw Tunisians take to the streets in pursuit of democratic reforms, inspired by a desire for freedom, equality, and justice. During those tumultuous days, they toppled the authoritarian regime of Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, ushering in a new era of hope and progress. However, the subsequent repression of political opposition and the sidelining of dissenting voices are undoing the very essence of the revolution.

These actions have serious consequences for Tunisia’s democratic institutions and the balance of power in the country. The suppression of opposition parties not only undermines the functioning of a multi-party system but also weakens checks and balances on executive power. An open and inclusive political environment is crucial for addressing the diverse needs and aspirations of the Tunisian people, and stifling political opposition threatens to alienate significant sections of the population.

Attacks on Free Expression

The erosion of free expression in Tunisia is another distressing development that cannot be overlooked. A free press is a cornerstone of any democratic society, playing a pivotal role in holding governments accountable, promoting transparency, and facilitating informed public discourse. Yet, the Tunisian authorities have taken actions that undermine the independence of the media and limit journalists’ ability to report objectively.

The crackdown on journalists and media outlets critical of the government sends a chilling message to the press community, instilling fear and self-censorship. A vibrant and independent media landscape is essential for the public’s right to access unbiased information and diverse viewpoints, a right that is enshrined in international human rights law.

The suppression of free expression not only impacts domestic audiences but also affects Tunisia’s standing in the international community. The nation, once celebrated for its progress in media freedom, now risks being seen as backtracking on its commitment to democratic principles and human rights. Upholding a free press is integral to fostering a vibrant democracy and maintaining Tunisia’s position as a regional leader in press freedom.

Discrimination Against Migrants and Refugees

Tunisia has historically been a haven for those fleeing conflict and persecution in neighboring regions. During times of crisis, the country has opened its borders to those seeking safety, embodying the principles of solidarity and compassion. However, recent policies have taken a distressing turn, inciting discrimination against migrants and refugees.

The erosion of human rights safeguards and the rise of xenophobic sentiments have left vulnerable populations at the mercy of increasingly hostile public sentiment. This discriminatory attitude not only violates Tunisia’s international obligations but also undermines its rich history of inclusivity and tolerance.

The international community must remember that migrants and refugees are among the most vulnerable populations globally. They often escape perilous situations and seek a safe haven where their human rights are respected and protected. Tunisia’s abandonment of its commitment to provide a safe haven for those in need not only contradicts its values as a nation but also sets a dangerous precedent for the treatment of migrants and refugees in the wider region.

2011 Revolution Achievements in Peril

The Tunisian revolution of 2011 marked a turning point in the nation’s history, symbolizing the beginning of a journey towards democracy and human rights. The brave actions of Tunisian citizens in their quest for dignity, justice, and equal opportunities were recognized globally and served as a beacon of hope during the tumultuous Arab Spring.

The subsequent establishment of a new constitution and democratic institutions represented significant achievements for Tunisia. However, these achievements are now in peril due to the government’s actions in the aftermath of President Saied’s power grab. The dismantling of institutional human rights safeguards and the weakening of the judiciary threaten to erode the democratic structures painstakingly built over the past decade.

The judiciary plays a crucial role in upholding the rule of law and protecting citizens’ rights. Its independence and impartiality are essential for ensuring that all individuals, regardless of their political views, are treated fairly under the law. By infringing on the judiciary’s independence, the Tunisian government risks compromising the core principles of justice and the rule of law, casting doubt on the credibility of its institutions.


The New York Center for Foreign Policy Affairs stands in solidarity with Amnesty International’s call for the Tunisian authorities to halt their crackdown on human rights immediately. The alarming trajectory of repression and impunity set in motion by President Kais Saied’s power grab must be reversed to safeguard Tunisia’s hard-won achievements and maintain its reputation as a regional beacon of democracy and human rights.

It is essential for Tunisia to uphold its international obligations and commitments to human rights principles. The protection of political opposition, freedom of expression, and the rights of migrants and refugees are vital in ensuring a just and inclusive society. The international community should closely monitor the situation in Tunisia and offer support to civil society organizations and human rights defenders who are working tirelessly to uphold the principles of democracy and human rights in the country.

The New York Center for Foreign Policy Affairs urges the Tunisian government to engage in open dialogue with civil society, political groups, and the international community to address these human rights concerns. By doing so, Tunisia can reclaim its place as a role model for democratic transformation and set a positive example for the broader region to follow. Only through a collective effort to protect human rights can Tunisia secure a prosperous and equitable future for all its citizens. The New York Center for Foreign Policy Affairs will continue to closely monitor developments in Tunisia and advocate for the restoration of human rights, democratic values, and the rule of law in the country.

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