Examining Concerns Surrounding the Proposed Acquisition of the PGA Tour by Saudi Arabia’s Public Investment Fund



The proposed acquisition of the PGA Tour by the Saudi government’s Public Investment Fund (PIF) has ignited widespread concerns and raised important questions about national security, human rights implications, financial transparency, and the potential for sportswashing. NYCFPA calls on senators to demand answers during the U.S. Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations hearing. The New York Center for Foreign Policy Affairs (NYCFPA) echoes these concerns and emphasizes the need for transparency and accountability in assessing the potential impact of this merger.

Ownership Structure and Financial Disclosures:

One of the primary concerns surrounding the proposed acquisition is the lack of transparency regarding the ownership structure of LIV Golf, the Saudi government-owned entity. Leaked information has revealed that the PIF owns 93% of LIV Golf, but the remaining seven percent remains undisclosed. This lack of disclosure raises questions about the true extent of Saudi Arabia’s ownership and the potential influence it may wield over American golfing stars.

Furthermore, the financial details regarding the amount the PIF is paying to acquire the PGA Tour and the percentage of ownership in the newly created entity, NewCo, have not been made public. The undisclosed figures give rise to concerns about potential conflicts of interest, undue influence, and financial transactions that could undermine the integrity of American golf.

Payments to Officials and Potential Influence Peddling:

The concerns surrounding the acquisition extend beyond financial transparency and touch on the potential for payments to U.S. government officials and political candidates through NewCo. LIV Golf has reportedly paid substantial amounts to former President Donald Trump’s golf resorts to host events. This raises concerns about the possibility of money laundering or influence peddling under the guise of golfing. It is crucial to ensure that NewCo does not become a vehicle for rewarding compliant political candidates or officials, thereby compromising the integrity of the sport and democratic processes.

To illustrate the potential implications, consider the scenario where NewCo sponsors a major golf tournament and offers exclusive access to influential political figures, providing them with an opportunity to gain favor or influence. Such transactions can create an environment where decisions that impact national security or foreign policy may be influenced by financial considerations rather than the best interests of the American people.

Tax-Exempt Status and Financial Implications:

Another area of concern is the tax-exempt status of the PGA Tour. While major sports leagues like the NFL and MLB have relinquished their non-profit status, the PGA Tour intends to maintain its tax-exempt status despite its ownership by a foreign government. This raises questions about the implications for tax exemptions and the potential financial advantages enjoyed by NewCo, considering its foreign ownership and potential profitability.

Maintaining tax-exempt status provides NewCo with financial advantages over other organizations that compete in the same industry but are subject to taxes. This asymmetry in taxation can create an unfair playing field and distort market dynamics. Additionally, the lack of transparency regarding NewCo’s financial operations and tax obligations raises concerns about the potential for financial improprieties or tax evasion.

Human Rights Implications and Sportswashing Concerns:

One of the most significant concerns surrounding the proposed merger is the human rights record of the Saudi government and its potential impact on the PGA Tour. The PIF, controlled by Crown Prince Mohamed bin Salman (MBS), has been associated with severe human rights abuses, including the imprisonment and mistreatment of activists, journalists, and dissidents. PGA Tour officials must adopt specific policies and due diligence steps to identify any risks of contributing to the Saudi government’s human rights violations.

Moreover, sportswashing, the practice of using sports to improve a country’s international reputation despite human rights abuses, is a major concern. Critics argue that the acquisition of the PGA Tour by Saudi Arabia could be exploited as a tool for sportswashing, diverting attention from the country’s gross human rights violations. By associating themselves with prestigious sporting events and institutions, governments with tarnished human rights records seek to create positive narratives and distract from their reprehensible actions.

One prominent example of sportswashing is Saudi Arabia’s hosting of high-profile sporting events such as the Dakar Rally, heavyweight boxing matches, and golf tournaments. These events provide a platform for Saudi Arabia to project an image of openness, progress, and reform while diverting attention from the ongoing human rights abuses within the country.


The concerns surrounding the proposed acquisition of the PGA Tour by Saudi Arabia’s PIF are multi-faceted and warrant serious attention. Transparency, financial disclosure, and safeguarding against undue influence are paramount. Additionally, the potential human rights implications and the risk of sportswashing cannot be ignored.

NYCFPA urges senators to address these concerns and demand transparency and accountability from PGA Tour officials during the Senate hearing. The international community must recognize the potential dangers of Saudi Arabia’s increasing influence on various economic, political, and cultural institutions, including sports. Safeguarding the integrity of the PGA Tour and upholding human rights principles are essential for the sport and the broader values it represents.

In this era of increasing foreign influence, it is imperative that the United States maintains its commitment to democratic values, human rights, and transparent governance. By scrutinizing the proposed acquisition of the PGA Tour, senators can protect American institutions from being exploited for sportswashing purposes and uphold the integrity of the sport while sending a powerful message that human rights abuses will not be tolerated.


  • NYCFPA Editorial

    The New York Center for Foreign Policy Affairs (NYCFPA) is a policy, research, and educational organization headquartered in New York State with an office in Washington D.C. NYCFPA is an independent, non-profit, non-partisan, institution devoted to conducting in-depth research and analysis on every aspect of American foreign policy and its impact around the world. The organization is funded by individual donors. The organization receives no corporate or government donations.

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